Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP)
Neuro Linguistic Programming (NLP) encompasses the three most influential components involved in producing human experience: neurology, language and programming. It describes the fundamental dynamics between mind (neuro) and language (linguistic) and how their interplay affects our body and behaviour (programming).
NLP was originated by John Grinder (background in linguistics) and Richard Bandler (background in mathematics and gestalt therapy). Their aim was to make explicit models of human excellence. The neurological system regulates how our bodies function, the language determines how we communicate with other people and the programming determines the kind of models of the world we create.
NLP is an approach to communication, personal development and psychotherapy. Richard Bandler and John Grinder claim that the connection between the neurological processes, language and behavioural patterns learned through experience can be changed in order to achieve specific goals in life. NLP can model the skills of exceptional people and then those skills can be acquired by anybody. It helps understand human behaviours, communication and why communication may be difficult.
The main components of Neuro Linguistic Programming are: Subjectivity (5 senses – sight, hearing, touch, smell, taste, and language), Consciousness (Conscious and Unconscious) and Learning (Modelling).
NLP helps establish rapport by pacing and leading verbal (sensory keywords) and non- verbal behaviour (mirroring non- verbal behaviour), it helps get information about a problem, mental state and desired goals by using specific tools and techniques to make interventions and by integrating proposed changes in a client’s life. An outcome can be achieved by changing internal representations and responses to stimuli in the world. Changes are future paced by helping the client mentally rehearse and integrate changes in his/her life (Step into the future and mentally see, hear, feel what it’s like having achieved the outcome).